|On Thursday, May 5th, the gardens at River Lea, the old farmhouse that is maintained as the headquarters for the Grand Island Historical Society, were bright with yellow and white daffodils. Beaver Island State Park, where River Lea is located, was full of deer and geese and other critters, looking for something good to eat. For that reason, there are no tulips planted at River Lea because tulips are a delicacy for deer and rabbits.|
|Our guest speaker for the evening’s program was Mike Vogel, who worked as a reporter and as an editorial page editor for The Buffalo News for 43 years before retiring. Since retiring, he has written a book about Buffalo’s Canalside, titled, America’s Crossroads: Buffalo’s Canal Street/Dante Place; the Making of a City.
Mike told us about the history of Buffalo’s Canalside district. After the Erie Canal opened in the 1820s, Buffalo grew dramatically, along with the port cities along the canal. The port cities all have names ending with the word “port.” They have such names as Lockport, Gasport, Middleport, and Brockport. Gasport got its name because there had been a supply of natural gas in that eastern Niagara County hamlet, located in the Town of Royalton.
Packet boats traversed the Erie Canal. They traveled at a speed of four miles an hour, which is the pace of a brisk walk. “They were more comfortable than a stagecoach,” Mike said. He mentioned something about kegs of whiskey placed every 100 yards along the canal. I am sure that they are no longer there.
Buffalo was the end of the Erie Canal, which began in Albany. In the Canalside district, there was a “red light district,” that Mike tried to document. “How do you document a red light district?” Mike asked. He went through all of the newspapers from that era, trying to find stories about the infamous red light district. In Buffalo, there had been several “red light districts,” including Chippewa Street and Genesee Street. Mike did find several “color stories,” which were written so that people could get an idea of what life was like for people who lived in the Canal Street area.
Life was not pretty for them. In the 1830s, Harriet Martineau, who was considered to be Great Britain’s first woman sociologist, visited the United States. One of the places that she visited was Buffalo. To say that she was unimpressed would be an understatement. She called the city “the very nostrils of hell.” Or maybe she called the Canal district the very nostrils of hell. Another name for the district was “the infected district.” Immigrants from Sicily lived in “steamboat hotels,” which were “crowded hellholes.” An average of ten to fifteen persons crammed each room. The result was terrible epidemics of cholera and influenza. In one horrible week, 100 persons died of disease.
|Here are some interesting facts about the Very Nostrils of Hell:
|On January 1st, 1936, there was an explosion in a big building. That was the beginning of the end for the district. The structures in the area were knocked down and were replaced by the Marine Drive Apartments.
“There is now nothing left of the canal district,” Mike said.
|Mike said that his fascination with Canalside came from his work for The Buffalo News. During the boom of the 1970s and 1980s, he visited many waterfronts.
He said that, although the rough and tumble canal district is long gone, the stories still need to be told. He said that History is the story of us. There are still reminders of the canal district, in American Express and Wells Fargo, two companies that got their start in the Canal district. The canal, however, also is long gone. The very end of the Erie Canal, which meets Lake Erie, has been filled in. Its days as a canal are long gone.
The canal district, however, is thriving with tourists, the arts, and food trucks. It has a new life